Activity of Vesuvio between 1631 and 1799

(after Scandone et al. 1993)

Localities mentioned in the text can be found on the topo map (240 kb gif image)

Period 1631-1699


BEGIN (d-m-y) END (d-m-y) Length (days) Type-Volume VEI VOLCANOLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS 
15 Dec1631 2 Jan1632 18 (1631) explosive volume =~0.2 km^3 4 The eruption occurs after 150 years of quiescence. Height of eruptive cloud is approximately 30 miles. Pyroclastic flows and lahars destroy many villages. Earthquakes and a tsunami accompany the collapse of the crater. It loses at least 168 m, maybe as much as 400 m, of its height. About 4000 casualties. It is the most violent and devastating eruption of Vesuvius in the last 1000 years
3 Jan1632 30 Jun1637 2005 R Troili, in 1637, reports fire on Vesuvius.
1 Jul 1637 27 Nov 1649 4532 A? Kircher reports an image with the cone smoking, in 1638 
28 Nov 1649 10 Mar 1650 102 IE explosive 2 Ash clouds toward Naples during Dec 1649 and Jan 1650, intense on 15 Jan, 15 Feb and 9-10 Mar 1650. 
11 Mar 1650 31 Dec 1652 1026 A? Activity and lahars on 14 Sep 1650. Ash and smoke during Feb, Mar and May 1652; smoke in Nov and Dec.
1 Jan 1653 24 Feb 1654 419 R
25 Feb 1654 1 Mar 1654 4 IE explosive Emission of ash intense during Mar 1654 (Viola in Alfano - Friedlander)
2 Mar 1654 2 Jul 1660 2314 A?
3 Jul 1660 29 Jul 1660 26 IE explosive effusive? 3 Ash and scoria emission to 300 steps from three vents within the crater. Lightning and rumblings in the cloud. The cloud is about 2 miles high. Damages in Resina, Torre Annunziata, Torre del Greco. On 6-7 glowing avalanches on the cone. (Lava flow?). In 1663, the cone had a circumference of 4,75 km
30 Jul 1660 25 Mar 1680 7178 A? Strombolian activity in 1670 (Sorrentino)
26 Mar 1680 28 Mar 1680 2 FE (1680) explosive 2? Ash fall on Ottaviano and Somma
29 Mar 1680 11 Aug 1682 865 R
12 Aug 1682 22 Aug 1682 10 FE (1682) explosive 3 Seismic activity since the beginning of Aug. On 12 Aug, volcanic cloud with electric discharge. Ashes on Torre del Greco and Ottaviano. On 21 Aug increasing violence and ashes on Nocera, Pagani, Cava, S. Sebastiano. Lava within the crater. 1 casualty in Torre Annunziata, 3 in Castellamare
23 Aug 1682 2 Oct 1685 1136 R "not even smoke" (Sorrentino)
3 Oct 1685 10 Oct 1685 7 IE explosive 2? On 3 Oct 1685, volcanic cloud, ash and scoriae on the cone.
11 Oct 1685 8 Dec 1689 1519 A
9 Dec 1689 16 Dec 1689 7 IE explosive 2 Similar to 1685. Emission of scoriae. Strong seismic activity. Uncertain duration.
17 Dec 1689 12 Apr 1694 1577 A In 1690, the crater is filled with lava and is in Strombolian activity (Bottoni)
13 Apr 1694 29 Apr 1694 16 FE (1694) effusive-explosive 3 Earthquakes in Mar. On 12 Mar, lithics and ashes to Benevento. Earthquakes in Torre del Greco. On 5 Apr, explosions and collapse of the conelet. On 6 Apr, incandescent scoriae within the crater, 13 Apr, lava flow to the Salvatore. The lava is 5 palms high and 15 wide. Two branches toward Pietrabianca and S. Giorgio. It halts after 15 days.
30 Apr 1694 30 Jul 1696 822 R
31 Jul 1696 14 Aug 1696 14 IE effusive 2 Since 31 Jul, explosions and earthquakes till 4 Aug, when a lava flow occurs lasting 10 days (Della Torre) on top of the 1694 flow (Sorrentino).
15 Aug 1696 14 Sep 1697 395 R Quiescence until Sep 1697 (Sorrentino) 
15 Sep 1697 9 Jan 1698 116 IE effusive 2 On 15 Sep, activity and earthquakes. On 18 Sep at 2200, lava flow toward Torre del Greco from three fractures on the cone. On 19 Sep, new lava flows toward Torre del Greco. On 20 Sep, lava in Fosso dei Cervi and Fosso Bianco. On 26 Sep, the lava stops 1 km from Torre del Greco. On 15, 20, 26 and 30 Nov: lava flows (Sorrentino)
10 Jan 1698 18 May 1698 128 A smoking (Sorrentino)
19 May 1698 15 Jul 1698 57 FE (1698) effusive-explosive 3 On 14 May, retreat of the sea for 5 times. On the 19th, earthquakes and rumblings. On 25 May, lava flow toward Resina. On 28 May, fracture on the SW side of the crater, lava toward Fossobianco and Tagliapietra (toward Torre del Greco). The lava halts on 2-6 at 2 km from Torre del Greco. Explosions until 7 Jul (damage by lahars in Capri, Sorrento, Castellammare, Gragnano). Since 8 and 10 Jun, new explosions; on 15 Jun high volcanic clouds. (Sorrentino)
16 Jul 1698 30 Jun 1701 1079 R

Period 1700-1799


BEGIN (d-m-y) END (d-m-y) Length (days) Type-Volume VEI VOLCANOLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS
1 Jul 1701 15 Jul 1701 14 IE effusive explosive 2 Fracture on the E base of the conelet and lava toward Ottavaiano and Viulo (15 palms high, 50 steps wide); On 4 Jul, the flows end. Increase on 5 and 6 Jul. White ash at the end of the eruption. (Sorrentino)
16 Jul 1701 18 May1704 1037 A
19 May 1704 23 May 1704 4 IE explosive 1 On 19 May, smoke and fires. On the 20th, lava fountains 2 miles high; on 21-22 May, Strombolian activity.
24 May 1704 19 Jul 1706 786 R Earthquakes felt from 19 Jan 1705 until 20 Jul 1706.
20 Jul 1706 28 Jul 1707 373 A
29 Jul 1707 22 Aug 1707 24 FE (1707) effusive explosive 3 On 28 Jul, a lava flow from the SW flank of Gran Cono toward Resina onto the one of 1694. Great damage by tephra falls at Bosco, Torre Annunziata, Ottaviano, Nocera. On 29 Jul volcanic cloud lasting 1 hour. On the 30th, explosive activity with scoria ejection. On 2 Aug, ashes on Naples. Great damage by ash falls and lahars at Lettere, Sarno, Nocera, Cava, S. Severino, Nola, Benevento. (Sorrentino)
23 Aug 1707 4 Feb 1712 1626 R On 14 Aug 1708 at 0900, Sorrentino reports "a small explosion with ash for 15 minutes".
5 Feb 1712 10 Jun 1712 126 IE effusive 1 Activity and emission of lava from 5 Feb. Since 21 Mar, intracrateric lava which outflows on 26 and 29 Apr, on 12 May, lava toward Torre del Greco until June.
11 Jun 1712 24 Oct 1712 135 R
25 Oct 1712 8 Nov 1712 14 IE effusive 1 Activity on 25 Oct. On the 29th, lava flows toward Fosso Bianco. New flows on 8 Nov. (Sorrentino) 
9 Nov 1712 11 Apr 1713 153 R
12 Apr 1713 25 May 1713 43 IE effusive explosive 1-2 Since 12 Apr, new lava; it overflows from the crater on 9 May toward Fosso dei Cervi, Torre del Greco; from 17 until 20 May, explosive activity, and lava flows toward Ottaviano, Torre del Greco, Resina. (Sorrentino) 
26 May 1713 5 Jan 1714 224 R
6 Jan 1714 20 Jan 1714 14 IE explosive 1 On 6 Jan, smokes and explosions until 8-9 Oct. On the 11th, lava fountains. Since the 15th, ash fall for several days.
21 Jan 1714 14 Jun 1714 144 R
15 Jun 1714 30 Jun 1714 15 IE effusive explosive 2 Since 15 Jun, explosive activity until the 21st. At 1600 on 21 Jun, lava fountain and volcanic cloud, several miles high. Lava flow toward Bosco and T. Annunziata. On the 23rd, explosive activity and new lava flow. On the 24th, ash and lava.
1 Jul 1714 5 Jun 1717 1070 A Intense activity on 25 Jun 1715. Explosions during Mar and Apr 1716
6 Jun 1717 18 Jun 1717 12 IE effusive explosive 2-3 On 6 Jun 1717, fractures on the S ed E flanks of the cone with lava flows toward Boscotrecase, T. Annunziata and Torre del Greco. One flow reaches the E side of Camaldoli della Torre. On 10-11 Jun, volcanic cloud. On 13 Jun, lava flow toward Torre del Greco.
19 Jun 1717 21 Dec 1717 185 A
22 Dec 1717 26 Dec 1717 4 IE effusive 1 New flow onto the flow of 13 Jun 1717.
26 Dec 1717 2 Sep 1718 250 A
3 Sep 1718 9 Jul 1719 309 IE effusive 2 On 16 Sep, lava flow to the N side of the cone which branches into two flows toward Resina and Bosco. Since 17 Sep, lava toward Mauro. Intermittent lava emission until July of the following year (Sorrentino).
10 Jul 1719 6 May 1720 301 A Smoking (Sorrentino)
7 May 1720 27 May 1720 20 IE explosive 1 On 7 May 1720, strong explosive activity with ash towards Ottaviano. On 24 and 25 May, ash cloud.
28 May 1720 30 Apr 1721 337 A
1 May 1721 7 Jun 1721 37 IE effusive On 1 May, lava flow toward Torre del Greco (same path as June 1717), again on 5, 6 and 7 Jun
8-6-1721 19-4-1723 680 A
20-4-1723 8-7-1723 79 FE (1723) effusive explosive 3 Since 28 Mar 1723, earthquakes.On 18 Mar, variation of water table at Torre del Greco. On 29 Mar, seismic activity; from 20 Apr until 25 Jun, explosive activity. On 26 Jun, lava outflow to the N. At 1300 on 26 Jun, two vents with explosive activity. At 1900 , increase of lava flows into Vallone di Ottaviano. Explosions on 26 and 27 Jun. On the 29th at 1000, scoria ejection to Macchioni, lava toward Mauro. 30 Jun and 1 Jul, explosive activity and 2 lava flows toward Ottaviano and Viulo. On 30 Jun, strong seismic activity. 2-4 Jul, explosive activity with very high column (Mecatti). On 4 Jul at 1500, paroxysm. Damage at Ottaviano, Nola, Palma, Sarno, Gragnano, Castellammare, Nocera, Cava, S. Severino, Salerno, Vallo.
9 Jul 1723 3 Sep 1724 422 R
4 Sep 1724 29 Sep 1724 25 IE effusive explosive 2 4-7 Sep, ash explosions, then the first lava flow; on 11 Sep, black smoke (up to 2000 steps) . On 17 Sep, lava flow; on the 18th, strong explosive and effusive activity.
30 Sep 1724 9 Jan 1725 101 A
10 Jan 1725 15 Aug 1728 1313 IE effusive explosive 2 Activity since 10 Jan 1725; on 16 Jan, outflow to the N and then toward Colle del Salvatore until 20 Jan. Explosions on 24 Jan. On 20 May, new lava flow lasting until 7 Sep. On 13 and 19 Sep, intermittent effusions lasting till the following year. Intensifications on 17 Apr 1726, lava toward Salvatore and Fosso Bianco on 22 Arp 1727; on the 23rd, volcanic cloud, explosive activity until 27 Apr; increase in Jul; decrease in Aug 1726, and increase on 19 Aug; smoke until 13 Dec; on 16 and 17 Jan 1727, explosions; on 26 May 1728, new lava; 3 Jun 1727, fire and water; a lava flow in Jul 1728; 1, 2 and 3 Sep 1728, explosions; ash on 14 and 15 Sep
16 Sep 1728 26 Feb 1730 528 A smoke
27 Feb 1730 1 Apr 1730 33 FE (1730) effusive-explosive 2-3 On 27 Feb 1730, activity at the crater (Sorrentino); on the 27th, intracrateric flow (Stoppani); on 2 Mar, explosions until the 17th, when the first lava flow begins and lasts until 23 Mar; on 24 and 25 Mar, strong explosions; on 25 Mar, crater collapse and lava with explosive ejecta all over the Vesuvian district.
2 Apr 1730 24 Dec 1732 997 R or A smoke
25 Dec 1732 10 Jan 1734 381 IE effusive 2 Fire on 25 Dec 1732; explosive activity on 1 Jan 1733. On 8 Jan, lava flow toward Ottaviano and T. del Greco. Lava outflow from the crater from 27 Apr to 5 May; again on 10 Jul, 27 Aug, 4 Nov, 27 Dec 1733 and from 1 to 10 Jan 1734
11 Jan 1734 30 Jun 1735 535 A
1 Jul 1735 30 Jul 1735 29 IE effusive 1 In July 1735, lava flow toward Il Mauro (uncertain duration)
1 Aug 1735 13 May 1737 651 A
14 May 1737 4 Jun 1737 21 FE (1737) effusive-explosive volume =10 x 10^6 m^3 3+ 14-15 May, smoke and fires. During the night of 15-16 May, lava flow toward E (Bosco) on 17-19 May, increasing smoke. On 20 May at 1300, scoria ejection and white smoke, at 1900, explosion and fracture on the SW flank of the mountain with lava toward Resina and from central vent to Bosco. On the 21st at 0400, strong explosions; at 0500 lava to E and W toward Resina, Fosso Bianco and then to Torre del Greco. On 23 May, explosions. On the 24th, one explosion then smoke. Damage in Ottaviano, Nola and complete destruction of Torre del Greco by the lava flow. Gran Cono lowered by 72 m (Serao)
5 Jun 1737 30 Oct 1744 2704 R Uncertain dates
1 Nov 1744 24 Oct 1751 2548 A Strong activity in Nov 1744; in 1745, active conelet; during 1749, the crater is filled. During Oct 1750, strombolian activity from three vents. In 1751, one conelet. On 19 Oct 1751, Della Torre reports strong vapor emission. 
25 Oct 1751 25 Feb 1752 123 IE effusive explosive 2 On 25 Oct 1751, at 0400, fracture on the SE flank of the cone toward Bosco. Lava toward Boscotrecase and then to il Mauro. New vents on 2 Nov. On 2 Dec, ash. On 5 Jan 1752 new lava that stops on 25 Feb 1752. Activity within the crater after the eruption. (Baratta, Mecatti, Della Torre)
26 Feb 1752 1 Dec 1754 1009 A In Feb 1752, the crater is 255 feet deep. On 21 Mar 1752, there are 3 vents and in May, only two. During 1753, Strombolian activity until Jan 1754 . In mid-Oct 1754, one conelet that breakes up and emits an intracrateric lava flow which lasts until 6 Nov. (Baratta)
2 Dec 1754 15 Mar 1755 103 IE effusive explosive 2 On 2 Dec 1754, fracture of the cone toward Boscotrecase and toward Ottaviano. Lava flow onto the one of 1751, another one toward Bosco. Several vents active until 22 Jan 1755. Increase of activity on 10-12 Dec. On 14, 16 and 24 Dec 1754, and 5 Jan 1755; on 19 Jan 1755, explosive activity; on the 20th and 21st, strong explosive activity with ejection of two feet sized bombs up to three miles high. On 25 Jan, new lava in the Atrio. On 31 Jan, two vents on the cone (NE side) and a lava flow toward Ottaviano. On 28 Feb, collapse of the conelet and, on 15 Mar, a small lava flow. 
16 Mar 1755 27 Mar 1759 1472 A 10 Apr 1755, explosive activity, minor from 22 May 1755 to early 1756 with Strombolian activity inside the crater. On 9 Aug 1756, intracrateric lava. Outflow on 12 Aug to SW, toward T. del Greco. Two flows on 13 Aug toward Portici, onto the flows of 1737. Again on 30 Sep, lava toward T. del Greco. New flows on 20 Oct and from 8 Nov until the end of the year. During 1757, outflows on 20 Jan, 9 Feb, 28 Mar, 23 and 28 Apr and 29 Apr until 14 May, 21 and 29 May; 23 and 25 Jun; 1 and 22 Jul, 16 Oct; 8 and 12 Dec. During 1758, similar activity. On 20 Jan 1759, lava flow to Fosso Vetrana (Baratta)
29 Mar 1759 31 Mar 1759 2 IE effusive, explosive On 28 Mar, light explosive activity, and one earthquake; at midnight on the 29th, collapse of the conelet (formed in 1744); on the 30th, lava outflow toward Torre del Greco (rapid) and toward Romitorio and Ottaviano; the flow stops after 4 miles. Explosive activity ends on the 31st. Total damages for 28000 ducati (110,500 according to Siniscalchi)
1 Apr 1759 12 May 1759 41 A Fumarolic activity
13 May 1759 20 May 1759 7 IE effusive 1 Opening of a fracture on the flank toward Boscotrecase; lava for seven days. (Mecatti, Baratta)
21 May 1759 5 Nov 1759 168 A Strombolian activity during Jun 1759. 
6 Nov 1759 30 Mar 1760 145 IE effusive 1 Since 6 Nov 1759 until Mar 1760, increasing activity. Abundant lava on the S flank with extensive damage (De Bottis).
31 Mar 1760 22 Dec 1760 266 A Intracrateral lava during Mar 1760; during Aug and Sep, smoke; from mid-Nov until Dec, Strombolian activity; rumblings on 12 Dec . From 20 to 23 Dec, earthquakes (Baratta)
23 Dec 1760 6 Jan 1761 14 FE (1760) explosive-effusive Lateral volume = 9.8 x 10^6 m^3 (lava) 3 On 23 Dec at 1700, felt earthquakes. At 1930, strong earthquake and tremor, fracture 1 mile N of Boscotrecase. Formation of 2 conelets 1,5 miles from the royal road, smoke, ash and scoriae, then lava toward Torre Annunziata that flows 1/2 mile in 12 hours. At 2015, another earthquake and a third conelet; at the crater, ashes, lapilli and smoke. In total there were at least seven main conelets (probably they were 15) with volumes: A = 0.6 x 10^6 m^3; B = small; C = 0.155 x 10^6 m^3, D = small; E = small; F=0.036 x 10^6 m^3; G=0.149 x 10^6 m^3; at 2330, flow from G, at 0000 from A; lava flow until 1 Jan 1761; on 2 Jan, earthquakes and collapse of buildings; on the 3rd, explosive activity at the crater and strong earthquakes. On 3 and 4 Jan, explosive activity; on the 5th, collapse of a portion of the crater. On 6 Jan, end of activity. Minor activity on 17 and 18 Feb with smoke from conelet A; Conelet F smokes until 1779. Damages for the ashes at Nola, Sarno, Nocera. Damages for 300000 scudi (De Bottis) or (1,257,000 lire Siniscalchi)
7 Jan 1761 30 Jun 1764 1270 R Uncertain date of the end.
1 Jul 1764 27 Mar 1766 634 A Since 1764, smoke. Since early 1766, strombolian activity and growth of the cone.
28 Mar 1766 15 Dec 1766 262 IE effusive-explosive 1 On 28 Mar 1766, outflow of lava toward Resina. On 10 Apr, fracture on the SE and SW flanks and new outflow toward Ottaviano and T. Annunziata, lasting until the end of Nov. Beginning in Jun 1766, explosive activity with ejections to 300-400 m.
16 Dec 1766 18 Oct 1767 306 A Since Mar 1767, growth of a single conelet with small explosions. On 7 Aug, intracrateric lava with outflow on the 12th. 
19 Oct 1767 27 Oct 1767 8 FE (1767) effusive-explosive volume = 11 x 10^6 m^3 lava; 1,4 x 10^6 m^3 pyrocl.  3 Lava fills the crater and overflows on 12 Aug, explosive activity; on 19 Oct, strong explosions and fracture between N and NW near the top of the cone, smoke and, at 1530, fluid lava to Canteroni and Fosso Grande; at 1830, ash, smoke and lava toward Resina, Portici, S.Giorgio. At 2200, the lava is at il Salvatore. At 1500 on 20 Oct, new feeding and explosive activity with ejecta up to 700 m; collapse of the conelet and explosions; at 2000 on the 20th, new lava; from 0200 to 0600 on the 21st, tremor and ash fall until dawn. On the 22nd, violent explosions, at 1230 eruptive cloud with lightnings; on 26 Oct, new lava flow toward S. Giorgio
28 Oct 1767 14 Feb 1770 840 R
15 Feb 1770 30 Apr 1770 74 IE effusive-explosive 2 Explosive activity since 15 Feb 1770 with tremor and decrease of the level of the water table at La Volla and Torre del Greco.In March, strong strombolian activity. On 14 Mar at 2200, violent explosions with ashes, scoriae and earthquakes. At 0200 on 16 Mar, violent earthquakes, ejections from the crater. At 1500, fracture on the E flank of Gran Cono with ejecta and a lava flow into Canale dell'Arena, toward il Mauro and Boscoreale. On 17 Mar, the first flow comes to an halt. On the 18th, another flow on top of the previous, stopping after two days. Since that day, until the end of Apr, several lava flows into Vallone dell'Arena. (De Bottis)
1 May 1770 30 Apr 1771 364 R (?) No information.
1 May 1771 30 May 1771 29 IE effusive explosive 2 At 1600 on 1 May, lava from a fracture of the cone to Vallone dell'Arena for 8 days. On 9 May at 2400, new lava which branches, on the 12th, toward Portici and Torre del Greco. Strombolian activity at the cone. Lava until the end of May, also toward il Mauro. Since 15 May, ash until Nov causing damage to cultivated land.
1 Jun 1771 28 Dec 1773 941 A Strombolian activity and emission of ash and scoriae until Apr 1776. (De Bottis)
29 Dec 1773 1 Feb 1774 34 IE effusive 1 A lava flow from the NE side of the crater to Canale dell'Arena flows until 16 Jan 1774. On 16 Jan, a new vent with another flow to the North until Feb 1774.
2 Feb 1774 3 Aug 1774 182 A Strombolian activity (De Bottis)
4 Aug 1774 1 Dec 1774 119 IE effusive 1 The lava flows cover the fracture of 1767 and 1771 and enter Canale dell'Arena until Dec. (De Bottis)
2 Dec 1774 19 Dec 1775 382 A Strombolian activity and smoke (De Bottis)
20 Dec 1775 3 Apr 1776 105 IE effusive volume =48,7 x 10^6 m^3 lava 1770 to 1776 1-2 Outflow at SE toward Ottaviano until 2 Jan 1776. On 3 Jan 1776, new fast flow (1.5 mile in 14 minutes) toward Fosso della Vetrana. On 4 Jan, new fracture to the NW of the Cone with smoke and lava toward i Canteroni. It stops on 12 Jan 1776. Lava again from 15 Jan to 16 Mar. On 15 Mar, collapse of part of the crater with a new fracture to N-NW with lava emission until 3 Apr. (De Bottis)
4 Apr 1776 28 Jul 1779 1210 A Collapse of the conelet at the beginning of May 1776.
29 Jul 1779 13 Aug 1779 15 FE (1779) effusive-explosive volume =3.5 x 10^6 m^3 lava 6.1 x 10^6 m^3 pyroclasts 3-4 Lava flow since May 1779, from a fracture to N-NE. Strombolian activity until 29 Jul. On this day, lava into Canale dell'Arena and, on 2 Aug, into Canteroni. On the same day, new flow into Atrio. On 3 Aug, at 1930, strong rumblings with tremor. Cloud of reddish colour with ash and sands onto Ottaviano. Fracture on the north side of the crater with lava to Piano delle Ginestre.In the night, two small lava fountains at the crater. On 5 Aug at 1800, collapse of the conelet into a fracture toward Ottaviano and Somma. Eruptive ash-cloud, sands and scoriae onto Ottaviano, S.Giuseppe and Terzigno. Lava flows toward Ottaviano and Fosso della Vetrana. On 7 Aug, strong earthquake with cloud and lightnings; at 2400 lava fountains until 0445 of the 8th. The lava again flows into Vallone di Ottaviano. New lava fountain at 2000 on the 8th. Ejection up to 2000 m. Scoriae onto Portici and T. del Greco. Earthquakes felt at Somma, T.del Greco, Resina and Portici. At 0130 on 9 Aug, hot scoriae with pseudo-flows. Fall of products onto Ottaviano, Cacciabella, Nocera, Palma, Lauro, Nola, Avellino, Monteforte, Montevergine as far as Puglia. Extensive damages as far as 26 miles and a few casualties. At 0900 on the 9th, new cloud. On the 10th, rain and lahars in the northern part of the volcano. On 11 Aug, strong earthquakes with explosions. At 2330, lahar in S. Giuseppe. Ash fall until 15-8. Damages at Ottaviano (126000 ducati), Somma (50000), Cacciabella (2277), Albertini (4434), Palma (20000), Santopaolo (2248), Nola (20650), Avella (11920). Serious damage at Lauro, Mugnano, Monteforte, Montevergine, around Benevento, Avellino, Ariano, Foggia, Lucera, Manfredonia. Ashes as far as Albania. 
14 Aug 1779 17 Sep 1783 1495 R Earthquake felt in the vesuvian district as far as Sorrento on 2 Oct 1779, with smoke at the crater; on 4 Oct, ash mixed with rain; on 1 Nov, abundant smoke; on 13 Dec 1779, another earthquake; no activity between 1780-1782 (De Bottis)
18 Aug 1783 31 Oct 1785 805 A Mild explosion on 18 Aug 1783; increase of activity on September with a new conelet (Alfano and Friedlander)
1 Jul 1785 30 Nov 1787 882 IE effusive mildly explosive 1 Since 2 Oct, there is a mild strombolian activity. Increase since 31 Oct to 6 Nov 1786; Outflow of lava since 27 May 1787, witnessed by Goethe on 30 May. On 21 Aug 1787, lava is witnessed into Canale dell'Arena, forming a fall in Fosso della Vetrana into Fosso del Faraone and, on 21 Aug, it was at 1 mile from Massa; in Oct, this flow destroyed Romitorio dei Padri Basiliani.
1 Dec 1787 31 Jul 1788 243 A Activity in the first seven months of the year (Baratta and Alfano and Friedlander)
1 Aug 1788 15 Aug 1788 14 IE effusive mildly explosive 1 White smoke at the end of Jul 1788; in Aug: 60 smokers on a fracture of the crater 1.5 miles from the top; then lava, two miles long, from the fracture; Strombolian activity from 6 to 15 Sep
16 Sep 1788 4 Sep 1790 718 A On 5 Sep 1789, there is a report of an explosion from 5 vents with extensive damages (Baratta)
5 Sep 1790 16 Nov 1790 72 IE effusive explosive Intense activity since May 1790. Collapse of the conelet in Sep . On 5 Sep, lava outflows toward il Mauro until the 17th. On 23 Sep, black smoke, ash fall, scoriae and lava flow, repeated on the 24th. On the 25th, explosions. Two flows toward W and S. On the 27th, the lava stops at i Canteroni. Another branch into fosso Cocozzelli and fosso di Ottaviano. Other flows on 1 and 3 Oct. On 9 Oct, ash until the following day. Explosions on 11, 12, 14 (violent),16, 17 and 19 Oct. On the 20th, new lava flow . On 24 and 25 Oct, explosions until 16 Nov.
17 Nov 1790 15 Jun 1794 1306 A Strombolian activity during 1792-1794 (Baratta)
16 Jun 1794 5 Jul 1794 19 FE (1794) effusive-explosive; Lateral volume = 23.5 x 10^6 m^3 (lava) 3+ On 12 Jun, earthquake felt all over Campania . At 0200 on the 16th, strong earthquake with an explosion and a fracture in the cone at SW and NE. Emission of smoke at the crater. A lava from the SW fracture invades Torre del Greco, and reaches the sea. The lava flow from the other fracture toward T.Annunziata and il Mauro. Fall of ashes at Resina and Torre del Greco (1 inch), at Ottaviano (3 palms=75 cm). Roofs collapses in Somma, Ottaviano and S.Anastasia. On 17 Jun, increase of ash emission and collapse of the cone. Explosions until the 18th. On the 20th, strong earthquake and another collapse of Gran Cono. Lahars from 20 Jun until 6 Jul in Ottaviano, Somma, Bosco, Terzigno and T. Annunziata. 60 killed in Torre del Greco. Ash emission until 5 Jul and lahars in the following days. Damages for 1.094.000 lire. Crops destroyed for two years. S. Giuseppe, Ottaviano and Somma completely destroyed. Total casualties: about 400. The crater, after the eruption, had a circumference of 2200 m and a depth of 150 m; the summit lost 121 m in height (Breislak and Winspeare)
6 Jul 1794 14 Jan 1796 557 R Landslides in October 1795 
15 Jan 1796 11 Aug 1804 3130 A Activity during Jan 1796 with increments in 1799 and Sep 1802; on 2 Nov 1803, the crater is 130 m deep with three conelets (Duca Della Torre)

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